Ayurvedic herbs and spices are a cornerstone of the ancient Indian healing system that are often used to treat a variety of conditions and promote overall health. These herbal remedies have been used for thousands of years to treat a variety of ailments, ranging from digestive complaints to skin issues and even mental health concerns, and many are still known by their traditional names. Commonly used Ayurvedic herbs and spices include turmeric, ginger, cumin, coriander, fennel, cinnamon, black pepper, cardamom, and ashwagandha.

Ayurvedic herbs and spices can be prepared in several different ways depending on their desired effect – some are best enjoyed fresh while others may require drying before use; some may need boiling or steeping while others may just need grinding into a powder form; some may require additional ingredients such as ghee (clarified butter) or honey for enhanced medicinal effects; others might only require simple preparation such as crushing them lightly before adding them to food or drinks.. Ultimately there are many ways these powerful healing agents can be utilized for our benefit! 

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Below is a list of some of the most common ayurvedic herbs and spices, along with information about their uses and how to prepare them. 

Amalaki: A fruit rich in Vitamin C, which helps to balance Vata and Pitta dosha imbalances while strengthening the immune system. 

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): Balances Vata and Kapha. It is used for its restorative and rejuvenating benefits

Ashwagandha root powder has both calming and energizing effects on the body which make it useful for restoring balance between mind and body when feeling overwhelmed by stress or exhaustion. Ashwagandha is an adaptogenic herb with powerful stress-lowering effects on the mind and body. It's traditionally used as an immune booster; however, it may also help lower cortisol levels in the body which can lead to improved sleep quality and increased energy levels throughout the day. Ashwagandha root powder can be added to smoothies or taken in capsule form for best results.

Bitter Gourd: Used mainly to reduce Kapha and Vata dosha imbalances.

Black pepper is often mixed with other ayurvedic herbs such as ashwagandha for its ability to enhance absorption of the active constituents from other ingredients in the mixture.

Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri): Balances Vata and Pitta. It is often used to enhance cognitive functions. 

Cardamom: Used as a digestive aid and to reduce stomach pain associated with an imbalance of either Pitta or Kapha doshas.

Cardamom (elaichi) is one of the oldest spices known to man with both culinary and medicinal uses. Cardamom has an array of health benefits including reducing inflammation, improving digestion, relieving anxiety symptoms, aiding weight loss efforts, preventing infection from bacteria/fungi/viruses, etc., making it one of the top Ayurvedic herbs around! Cardamom pods or ground cardamom powder can be added to food dishes for flavor as well as medicinal purposes! Cardamom is commonly included in teas or herbal preparations meant to reduce stress levels by promoting relaxation. It has long been used as a natural remedy for digestive disorders due to its carminative action which means it helps reduce gas formation in the stomach and intestines while promoting regularity within the digestive tract. To make an ayurvedic cardamom tea add one teaspoon each of cardamom powder and crushed fennel seeds into two cups boiling water, stirring them together until well blended before straining out the solids before drinking it twice daily on an empty stomach.

Cinnamon (dalchini) is an ancient spice used in both Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine for its medicinal properties. Cinnamon is revered for its warming energy and ability to reduce inflammation in the body while helping maintain healthy blood sugar levels, helps to boost immunity, improve digestion, and reduce inflammation. To use cinnamon as an herbal remedy add a pinch of ground cinnamon powder to a glass of warm milk or tea before drinking it two times daily on an empty stomach. You may also opt to take cinnamon capsules combined with other adaptogenic herbs if preferred instead of making your own concoction using the spice itself. 

Clove is widely known for its antiseptic attributes that make it very useful in treating oral issues like toothaches due to its numbing effect when applied topically onto affected areas . Clove oil can also be taken internally via tinctures available from many health food stores however caution should be exercised when doing so since even small amounts can cause adverse reactions when ingested directly without proper dilution first .  Additionally whole cloves may be added as seasoning into various dishes during cooking such as curries.

Coriander, nutmeg, and black pepper which all offer unique benefits depending on what type they are (e g whole , ground, etc ) and how they’re being consumed ( e g internally via tinctures / capsules /etc vs externally through topical application ). For example coriander helps cleanse toxicity from within our bodies whereas nutmeg stimulates circulation while black pepper aids digestion all three being quite versatile enough that they could easily be integrated into everyday meals either through culinary usage alone or supplement form if desired!

Cumin is an important ingredient in many Indian dishes and has long been used in Ayurveda for its digestive benefits. It can be added to soups or curries along with other spices like coriander, fennel and cinnamon to give flavor as well as therapeutic benefits. Cumin has long been prized as an excellent source of antioxidants that help protect against cell damage caused by free radical activity within the body while simultaneously providing antimicrobial protection against bacterial growth inside our systems when consumed regularly over time either via culinary use or taking cumin supplements available from many health food stores these days. To prepare a cumin infusion simply mix one teaspoon ground cumin powder with one cup boiling water then let it steep until cooled completely before straining out any solids left behind prior consumption once per day after meals for best results.

Fennel is another great source of fiber which helps relieve digestion related problems like constipation while also aiding in weight control when consumed regularly over time due to its low calorie content compared with other high-fiber foods like beans or lentils. Fennel seeds can be added whole into curries or soups during cooking while their powder form is better suited for making teas by adding one tablespoon into two cups boiling water until fully dissolved then straining off any remaining solid bits before drinking it twice per day on an empty stomach after meals for best results. 

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum): Balances Vata and Kapha. Fenugreek is often used to support digestion and women's health.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Balances Vata and Kapha. Ginger is used for its digestive and circulatory benefits.

Ginger is another common Ayurvedic herb known for its immune-boosting and anti-inflammatory properties. It is known to help with nausea and can also be taken as a tea or cooked into food. Ginger can be prepared as a tea by boiling 1 teaspoon of grated ginger in 1 cup of water for 15 minutes or steeping it in hot water for at least 10 minutes before straining and adding honey if desired. Alternatively, you can buy dried ginger supplement capsules from health food stores or online retailers if you prefer taking it in pill form.

Guggulu (Commiphora wightii): Balances Kapha and Vata. Guggulu is used for its potent rejuvenating and detoxifying qualities.

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): Balances Vata and Pitta. Licorice is used for its soothing and harmonizing properties.

Neem (Azadirachta indica): Balances Pitta and Kapha. Neem is renowned for its purifying and detoxifying effects.

Triphala: A blend of three fruits (Amalaki, Haritaki, and Bibhitaki), Triphala balances all three doshas. It is commonly used for digestive health.

Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum): Balances Kapha and Vata. Known as Holy Basil, it is a cooling herb that helps to reduce inflammation, used for its stress-reducing and immune-enhancing properties.

Turmeric (Curcuma longa): Balances all three doshas—Vata, Pitta, Kapha. It is well-known for its anti-inflammatory properties.

Turmeric, also known as Haridra or Haldi in INdia, is one of the most widely used ayurvedic herbs and can be taken as a tea or spice in many Indian dishes. It is said to have powerful anxi-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can help with pain relief and reduce inflammation in the body. 

These herbs and spices can be used in a variety of ways - they can be steeped into teas or tinctures, added to soups or curries or used as part of an aromatherapy blend. Depending on the desired effect you're looking for you may want to alter the amounts of each herb or spice you use in your recipes.


When preparing these herbs and spices it's important to keep in mind that some may be more powerful than others so it's best to start with smaller amounts until you know what works best for you. Additionally, some herbs and spices can interact with medications so it's best to consult with your doctor before adding them into your diet if you are taking any sort of medication.


July 30, 2023 — Yecenia Guzman